of the project area is generally characterized by its gentle
slopes. There is a pronounced ridge that extends from Sports
City to Raml Al-Aali. The highest elevation along the ridge is
around 55m. There are pockets of low lying lands on either
sides at Horch Al-Katil and the Golf Club. The majority of the
project site is covered with sand deposits.
led to the definition of a number of site opportunities and
constraints which will influence, to a large degree, the shape
and character of future development in the project area.
opportunities will arise from:
presence of the seafront over the entire length of the
project area from Jnah to Ouzai d the potential offered
for its exploitation for recreational and leisure
gentle topography of the site to the west of the main
ridge line towards the sea and the potential to exploit
seaviews way back from the sea.
presence of prominent building landmarks that punctuate
the Project area and which constitute visual attractions
and identity nodes. There is also ample scope for creating
new landmarks associated with prominent redevelopment
existence of areas of distinctive vegetation such as the
Golf Club and the remaining pine tree clusters in Horch
Al-Katil that would enhance the quality of surrounding
constraints will arise from:
barrier effect created to the south of the project area by
the Beirut International Airport which is accentuated by
the difference of level generated by the Airport runway
existence of large dumping grounds on the vacant land of
Raml Al-Aali and Maramel which must be excavated, leading
to a substantial lowering of the natural topography,
creating artificially depressed areas.
continued existence, for the foreseeable future, of pockets of
substandard development in the Sabra area such as the Sabra
camp and Daouk camp which may not be integrated to the
adjoining urban fabric.